Melissa Florence


automotive, business, vehicle


The study examined the effects of lender consolidation on automotive marketplace funding.

61 respondents selected through strategic random sampling method from GM Motors Nigeria Ltd formed the population for the study.

Data was gathered employing a survey instrument made by the researcher. Chi-Square Statistical method was used to test the hypotheses and all findings held at .05 alpha significant level. The Investigation of the details uncovered that the individuals pretty much unanimously agreed that lender consolidation had impacted positively to the automobile sector in Nigerian overall economy.

Primarily based on the findings, it was therefore encouraged among the some others issues that a frequent review of automotive marketplace in Nigeria by the ideal authorities whilst hard work really should be manufactured to make improvements to the electrical power program (electricity condition) in Nigeria.


History of the Review

Mergers and acquisitions really should be taken seriously as an instrument for enhancing banking efficiency, sizing, and developmental roles in each overall economy. Mergers and acquisitions primarily in the banking marketplace is now a world wide phenomenon.

All around the entire world and specified the job of finance, sizing has come to be an crucial component for results in the globalizing entire world. The final handful of many years have witnessed the development of the world’s massive banking teams through mergers and acquisitions. The craze has been affected by things these kinds of as potential customers of price-financial savings thanks to economies of scale as well as more economical allocation of assets, improved efficiency in useful resource allocation, and chance reduction arising from enhanced administration. Nevertheless, the automotive marketplace is not still left out in the procedure of alliances. Over the many years the marketplace has witnessed unique styles of world wide alliances. For occasions Renault- Nissan, VW-Skoda, GM-Daewoo to point out a handful of them

In the previous, the small sizing of most Nigerian banking companies, each and every with highly-priced headquarters, heavy fastened charges and working fees and with bunching of branches in handful of business centers had lead to very higher typical price for the marketplace. This in convert has implications for the price of intermediation, the unfold involving deposit and lending charges, and places undue pressures on banking companies to engage in sharp methods as means of survival. In an hard work to survive the hurdle, the Central Bank of Nigeria released the twenty five billion Naira bare minimum money base for banking companies in an hard work to make our banking companies much much better and to ready to compete favorably with other banking companies in the entire world in giving credit facilities to other sectors of Nigeria overall economy.

Nevertheless, in 2004 as part of financial reform in some emerging economies, the Nigerian banking program underwent amazing improve, in phrases of the amount of institutions, possession structure, as well as depth and breadth of operations. Banking institutions begin to merge with other banking companies whilst even larger banking companies begin to receive smaller kinds whilst automotive marketplace has come to be an increasingly pertinent contributor to country’s’ gross domestic products, primarily through powerful development in the motor industries in phrases of raising volume of regional manufacturing and amount of profits. And this is not peculiar to Nigeria on your own.

This state of affairs raises the dilemma “what effects of banking companies consolidation on automotive marketplace funding in Nigeria? It is crucial to visualize this evolution from a lifetime cycle of manufacturing assembly and profits that have impacted on the money statements of GM Motors Nig LTD. In purchase to maintain this procedure, the automotive marketplace as a entire involves substantial money intensity from powerful and reputable money again- up to remain practical in the overall economy and optimize their environmental effects, talk optimistic ways to non-governmental firm and other stakeholders to discharge their social company obligations whilst maintaining style and design of products, provider program from a sustainability position of see. Consequently this operate is established to evaluate the effects of lender consolidation and money provision for the automotive marketplace funding in Nigeria (A circumstance study of GM Nigeria ltd)


GM Nigeria is a foremost participant in the automotive marketplace and one of the main motor vehicle assemblers and entrepreneurs in the country. GM Nigeria is a joint venture corporation involving UAC of Nigeria Plc – one of the most significant conglomerates in Nigeria and Typical Motors Company of Detroit, the world’s major automobile makers. The partnership of these two organizations offers them the greatest assist and advantage in all sides of their operations, i.e. Product sales, Areas, Providers and Assembling.

About GM Worldwide
Typical Motors Corp. (NYSE: GM), the world’s major automaker, has been the world wide marketplace profits leader since 1931. Founded in 1908, GM these days employs about 321,000 persons all over the entire world. It has production operations in 32 nations and its motor vehicles are offered in 200 nations.  GM’s automotive brand names are Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, HUMMER, Oldsmobile, Opel, Pontiac, Saab, Saturn and Vauxhall. In some nations, the GM distribution network also marketplaces motor vehicles created by GM Daewoo, Isuzu, Subaru and Suzuki

Temporary Record of GM Motors in Nigeria

1920 – Started out as a Business called Miller Brothers Nigeria Limited which imported autos in to West Africa

1927 – Started out importing absolutely assembled Bedford business motor vehicles into Nigeria.

1929 – Turned the Motors Office of then UAC, now regarded as UACN Plc

1931 – Name improved to Niger Motors Limited. Ongoing importing constructed motor vehicles.

1949 – Business Motor vehicles were being delivered in as double unit packs which contained partially assembled chassis for two motor vehicles in one pack and the wheels in the second pack to be assembled locally.

1959 – Founded Nigeria’s Initially Vehicle Assembly Plant at Apapa. The Business assembled the well known Bedford Trucks of a variety of styles.

1965 – The Assembly Plant was renamed Federated Motors Industries, Then commonly regarded as “FMI” and the distribution arm remained “Niger Motors”.

1979 – FMI started off the assembly of vehicles from “absolutely knocked down” (CRD) elements.

1980 – The Federal Governing administration accorded FMI the “Progressive Vehicle Manufacturer” position, below the Authorised User Scheme. This nomenclature was to attest to its higher normal and top quality items at that interval. FMI and Niger Motors were being converted into divisions of UACN Plc.

1991 – UACN Plc and Typical Motors Company of Usa incorporated GM Nigeria Limited as a Joint Venture Business. The Assets of FMI and Niger Motors were being then transferred to GM Nigeria Limited.


To be amount one in the business segment of the automotive marketplace by giving outstanding worth to our customers.


To provide automotive items of these kinds of top quality as to empower our customers enjoy remarkable worth whilst delighting other stakeholders

Incorporation and Handle

GM Nigeria
Limited is incorporated in Nigeria below the Corporations & Allied Issues Act 1990 as a personal constrained liability corporation, and domiciled in Nigeria. The deal with of its registered place of work is:
31, Mobolaji Johnson Road ,
Oregun Ikeja, Lagos .

Principal Functions

The principal activities of the corporation are: assembly of SKD (Semi Knocked Down) motor elements to develop medium and heavy business vehicles, importation of FBU (Entirely Crafted Device) decide on-ups, promoting and distribution of motor vehicles through its network or branches and dealers nationwide. The corporation supplies products assist for components and provider at its Oregun plant, Port Harcourt branch, Abuja branch and through its numerous Areas and products and services dealers. The corporation is also associated in provision of technological education for staff members, dealers and fleet customer’s personnel.

The firm’s products assortment includes Isuzu Light, medium and heavy business motor vehicles (all with a variety of overall body programs).

Shareholding Of Gm Nigeria Ltd

According to the sign-up of associates at 31st December, 2007, the subsequent shareholders of the corporation held more than 10% of the money issued shared money of the corporation:


Range of Shares

Share Held (%)

UAC of Nigeria Plc

seventy two,000,000


Typical Motors, Usa



Staff of GM motors Nigeria       12,000,000                                 10

Source money assertion GM motors 2007

one.two       Statement OF THE Issue

Serious national efforts in direction of the progress of the automotive marketplace in Nigeria took area in the early seventies, with original joint venture agreements involving Peugeot and Volkswagen organizations. By 2001, there were being around 20 unique enterprises production unique styles of motor vehicles, from boats to vehicles, such as bikes and bicycles automobiles in Nigeria. The capability utilization of the the vast majority of these organizations is, even so, very very low, mainly thanks to the higher price of importing the elements essential to assemble motor vehicles, non authorities patronage and bad money base of some of these organizations. By the introduction of the plan of lender consolidation a large amount of Nigeria feels that the banking sector will see to the close of this problem. But on the contrary, Nigeria streets are littered with imported second hand vehicle, quite a few of them as previous as 10years, as the country is an attractive dumping floor for all sorts of poisonous waste whilst a large amount of automotive organizations in Nigeria winding up. Consequently this study is sets to examine the effects of lender consolidation on automotive funding in Nigeria.

THE Objectives OF THE Review

     This study sets out to:

  1. To build the outcomes of lender consolidation on money provision for the automobile sector in Nigeria.
  2. To provide a exploration oriented framework for the progress of superior knowledge of the primary facets and value of lender consolidation as it has an effect on automotive marketplace in any overall economy.
  3. To determine the inherent partnership involving lender consolidation and money provision for the automotive marketplace
  4. Identify the resent increase money assertion of GM motors and the doing work money obtainable for the marketplace

  Exploration Questions

       The subsequent Exploration Questions will so guild this study:

  1. In what way does the lender consolidation have an impact on funding for the automotive marketplace in Nigeria?
  2. What are the added benefits that the automotive sector has derive from lender consolidation work out?
  3. To what extent does Banking institutions consolidation provide a vehicle for automotive marketplace survival in a dynamic enterprise surroundings?
  4. To what extent does lender consolidation enhance development in the automotive industries?
  5. To what extent does the resultant impact of banking companies consolidation increase the market opportunity of the automotive marketplace


The subsequent said exploration hypotheses will guild this study:

 Speculation one

Ho: There is no significant effects of lender consolidation and money provision for the automotive marketplace in Nigeria.

H1: There is a significant effects of lender consolidation and money provision for the automotive marketplace in Nigeria.

Speculation two

Ho: Banking institutions consolidation do not supplies a vehicle for automotive marketplace survival and development, in a dynamic enterprise surroundings.

H1: Banking institutions consolidation supplies a vehicle for automotive marketplace survival in a dynamic enterprise surroundings.

Speculation three

H0: The impact banking companies mergers does not increase the market opportunity of the automotive marketplace

H1: The impact of banking companies merger improves the market opportunity of the automotive marketplace

one.6       Significance OF THE Review

The exploration is significant in the subsequent techniques: For starters, it will enable buyers in the automobile marketplace to ideal the opportunities delivered by the consolidation work out in that particular sector.

Next, it will additional guide business people to recognize the relevance of consolidation of banking companies to money provision and eventually, it will provide as helpful source of materials for scientists and pupils.


This Review will be constrained to Sixty one staffs of GM motor Nigeria Ltd. It will handles the funding of the automotive marketplace in Nigeria.


 The study only looked at the effects of lender consolidation on the automotive marketplace. The population of the study handles only the workers of GM motors Ltd Oregun, Lagos. As a result, this study may possibly not be generalized.

As the researcher was the sole interviewer and instrument of this study, researcher bias may possibly be probable in any of the interpretations. Though the researcher labored hard to hold out any personalized views, the risk of subjectivity may possibly continue to be current.

Also, it is probable that respondents didnt give precise information and facts about their operations in other to manage some level of social dignity. Human Means manager of the firm also had to solution job interview inquiries from the researcher. This delivered a specific level of uncomfortableness and uncertainty as he was anxious that he may possibly be judged by his responses. And eventually the dearth of literature elements in the automobile sector also was a major challenge

 Summary of Results

This operate examined the impacts of banking companies consolidation on automotive marketplace funding, employing G.M Motor Ltd as a circumstance study. Sixty copies of questionnaires were being distributed, fifty one were being returned giving eighty five% response price. The final results of the findings exhibit that:consolidation have delivered a vehicle for automotive marketplace survival and development in a dynamic enterprise surroundings.

Yet again, automotive marketplace looks to improve thanks to banking companies consolidation that can provide substantial money necessity in circumstance of enlargement through new items progress or acquisition of small automotive organizations and this is ordinarily a strategy to variety world wide alliances made to monopolize and develop the brand impression when merger manifest and achieve in some situations political electrical power. In addition, banking companies consolidation supplies a vehicle for automotive industry’s’ company survival and development in a dynamic money surroundings as it boosts the strength of automotive marketplace and so it improves automotive industry’s money capability. Also the final results confirmed that banking companies merger supplies economies of scale and achieve some variety of synergy for the automotive marketplace and the resultant effects of banking companies consolidation improves the market opportunity of the automotive marketplace.

The exploration also uncovered that banking companies consolidation consequence in a greater market price and greater earnings per share coupled with advancements in its security though viewpoint is divided as to no matter if the dividend just before and right after automotive marketplace alliances can’t be managed right after the consolidation in purchase for the market price of the automotives stock to be proven.

Banking institutions consolidation looks to increase company electrical power and make improvements to market share in some situations, resulting in a greater price earning ratio. The operate also confirmed that lender consolidation aids the automotive marketplace in funding that would not normally be probable to receive, which assists to achieve some synergistic impact with out powerful bank’s money money base.

Also uncovered by the study is the point that banking companies Consolidation delivers about adverse automotive marketplace money sustainable outcomes simply because the anticipated added benefits did not materialize for envisioned price reductions were being not forthcoming as a result it really should consequence in greater earnings or make improvements to its security. In addition, the findings confirmed that banking companies merger is vested in automotive marketplace potential to foster development and the resultant profitability which will normally be complicated and almost be impossible with out banking companies powerful capitalization


Nigerian’s automobile marketplace is one of the continent’s quickest increasing sectors, but it lacks the vital regional technologies and finance to thoroughly harness its opportunity and lead to national development and progress. This point out of affairs has ensured that investing in the sector has come to be the protect of just a handful of foreign organizations in the automobile sector, mainly primarily based outdoors of the continent. Bank Consolidation released in Nigeria in 2005, is an expression of powerful motivation of Nigeria authorities to boost an instrument for enhancing banking efficiency, sizing, and developmental roles in her overall economy. It is pertinent to know that this work out has assisted the automaker marketplace to elevate money that may possibly
be require in instances of growth as well as depression and thriving entry into items market as well as into new geographical marketplaces in Nigeria. The most important function of company entities has been to increase the money and operational strength. Banking institutions, consolidation has assisted in participating in crucial roles of supporting the authentic sector like automotive marketplace in a world wide context as a result banking companies have remained a new phenomenon in funding massive initiatives in automotive marketplace in the company enterprise entire world.

Exterior the money provision the automobile sector in Nigeria has also knowledgeable a large amount much neglect than other sectors ( Abiodun 2008). In searching for to achieve results in this sector vigorous efforts really should be manufactured to counter some of this things which are regarded to have hindered accomplishment in this sector in the previous like electrical power, regional content material plan and restriction on the importation of autos which can be locally assembled here. Hard work really should be manufactured to maintain this minor advancement that has been recorded in this sector as consequence of lender consolidation.


Primarily based on the findings from the study and the information at the disposal of the scientists, the subsequent recommendations are manufactured

  • Typical and study review of the automotive components/elements progress marketplace in Nigeria by the ideal authorities
  • Governing administration really should provide incentive actions to inspire the regional vehicle makers for  ensuring compliance with approved regional programmes
  • The appropriate of inspection and other top quality assurance activities in factories, ports and streets in pursuance of bare minimum normal of automobile on Nigeria Roads by the ideal authorities
  • Typical evaluation of the pricing structure and top quality of the items of the assembly plants to ensure worldwide competitiveness
  • Forecasting the demand and offer designs for a variety of styles of automotive motor vehicles made in Nigeria and the primary raw materials specifications by the ideal authorities
  • The automobile sector really should liaise with pertinent organisations charged with the manufacturing of raw elements (these kinds of as sheet metal alloy and particular steel) and make confident is obtainable when essential

At last, The Nigerian authorities as a make a difference of urgency really should articulate guidelines that can advertise the progress of regional technologies. Standard technological capacities which really should contain discouraging imports of absolutely constructed up units, giving incentives to regional assemblers to increase regional content material in manufacturing (tax reduction and subsidies) and regulations to ensure regional content material in varying percentages.

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